Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 367,094
2 United States 106,493
3 India 80,807
4 United Kingdom 75,732
5 Turkey 47,132
6 South Korea 41,819
7 Australia 35,191
8 Germany 31,531
9 Brazil 28,193
10 Taiwan 25,939
11 Canada 25,244
12 Malaysia 22,420
13 Italy 21,045
14 Spain 20,745
15 France 20,653
16 Japan 17,036
17 Netherlands 14,643
18 Thailand 14,095
19 Iran 11,766
20 Poland 9,745

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach