Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries Downloads
1 China 311,355
2 India 125,691
3 United States 111,184
4 United Kingdom 71,536
5 Turkey 44,034
6 Australia 36,890
7 Germany 34,907
8 Italy 34,241
9 Brazil 32,771
10 Malaysia 30,631
11 Taiwan 29,396
12 South Korea 27,899
13 Canada 26,968
14 France 22,915
15 Russia 22,656
16 Spain 22,349
17 Netherlands 19,849
18 Iran 18,412
19 Singapore 17,353
20 Thailand 16,936

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries for this journal.

other metrics in reach