Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 364,227
2 United States 110,025
3 India 95,703
4 United Kingdom 75,179
5 Turkey 45,911
6 South Korea 35,292
7 Australia 34,630
8 Germany 34,320
9 Brazil 32,651
10 Canada 29,516
11 Taiwan 26,867
12 Malaysia 23,866
13 Italy 20,547
14 France 20,305
15 Iran 18,731
16 Spain 16,810
17 Japan 15,913
18 Russia 15,051
19 Thailand 14,732
20 Netherlands 13,754

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach