Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries Downloads
1 United Kingdom 45,315
2 United States 38,504
3 Australia 14,189
4 China 8,992
5 Canada 5,227
6 Brazil 4,305
7 Japan 4,292
8 India 4,248
9 Taiwan 3,537
10 Singapore 3,422
11 Netherlands 3,304
12 Ireland 3,258
13 Sweden 3,064
14 Hong Kong 2,942
15 Italy 2,930
16 Turkey 2,903
17 Spain 2,877
18 South Korea 2,821
19 Belgium 2,510
20 Thailand 2,327

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries for this journal.

other metrics in reach