Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries Downloads
1 United Kingdom 52,651
2 United States 43,333
3 Australia 16,198
4 China 11,512
5 Canada 6,142
6 Singapore 5,843
7 Brazil 5,327
8 Netherlands 4,718
9 Japan 4,472
10 Turkey 4,137
11 Taiwan 4,084
12 Ireland 3,957
13 Sweden 3,905
14 South Korea 3,480
15 Italy 3,444
16 Spain 3,386
17 Hong Kong 3,202
18 Thailand 3,070
19 France 3,064
20 Belgium 2,814

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries for this journal.

other metrics in reach