Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 82,179
2 United Kingdom 77,780
3 Australia 34,479
4 China 28,769
5 Turkey 14,146
6 Canada 11,702
7 Sweden 9,306
8 Japan 8,905
9 Brazil 8,855
10 Taiwan 8,586
11 Ireland 7,799
12 Spain 7,415
13 Netherlands 6,953
14 Singapore 6,853
15 South Korea 6,494
16 Italy 5,997
17 Belgium 5,509
18 France 4,730
19 Thailand 4,580
20 New Zealand 3,860

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach