Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 369,391
2 United Kingdom 304,288
3 China 302,026
4 Australia 196,562
5 Canada 100,907
6 Brazil 78,667
7 Netherlands 71,356
8 Indonesia 54,219
9 Malaysia 52,221
10 Spain 51,908
11 France 45,925
12 Germany 43,230
13 Thailand 42,471
14 Mexico 42,097
15 Portugal 38,713
16 Italy 38,164
17 India 37,407
18 New Zealand 36,110
19 Taiwan 35,405
20 South Africa 33,925

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach