Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 399,088
2 China 354,322
3 United Kingdom 344,028
4 Australia 209,606
5 Canada 110,308
6 Brazil 86,015
7 Netherlands 80,369
8 Indonesia 57,651
9 Spain 56,937
10 Malaysia 56,025
11 France 52,536
12 Italy 44,943
13 Portugal 44,928
14 Germany 42,808
15 New Zealand 40,623
16 Thailand 39,778
17 Mexico 39,387
18 Taiwan 38,456
19 India 37,356
20 Sweden 35,748

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach