Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,498,613
2 United States 746,421
3 Brazil 658,287
4 Thailand 441,040
5 Turkey 302,434
6 United Kingdom 289,803
7 Spain 265,959
8 Italy 264,602
9 India 251,362
10 South Korea 246,075
11 Australia 210,246
12 Canada 203,301
13 Taiwan 202,742
14 Mexico 182,862
15 Malaysia 178,992
16 Russia 175,492
17 France 169,451
18 Netherlands 160,457
19 Japan 155,290
20 Germany 131,592

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach