Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 412,342
2 United States 116,898
3 United Kingdom 92,715
4 India 65,459
5 South Korea 45,713
6 Japan 41,845
7 Brazil 33,502
8 France 30,614
9 Germany 29,641
10 Australia 24,872
11 Taiwan 22,830
12 Canada 22,735
13 Turkey 21,215
14 Italy 19,581
15 Russia 18,873
16 Singapore 18,016
17 Malaysia 17,413
18 Poland 14,594
19 Hong Kong 12,357
20 Spain 11,415

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach