Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 170,236
2 United States 132,518
3 Germany 95,859
4 Australia 87,317
5 China 84,136
6 Netherlands 56,881
7 Canada 31,317
8 Sweden 27,611
9 Finland 23,341
10 Malaysia 21,837
11 South Africa 20,993
12 Denmark 20,830
13 India 19,950
14 Brazil 18,645
15 Switzerland 16,774
16 Taiwan 16,756
17 Indonesia 15,534
18 Ireland 14,752
19 South Korea 14,374
20 France 14,160

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.