Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 350,346
2 United Kingdom 104,923
3 China 89,934
4 Japan 72,789
5 Italy 58,386
6 France 55,715
7 Australia 49,066
8 Canada 46,585
9 Netherlands 45,842
10 Switzerland 36,280
11 Germany 35,438
12 Turkey 25,994
13 South Korea 24,980
14 Spain 24,272
15 Brazil 22,207
16 Belgium 18,584
17 Taiwan 13,209
18 Sweden 10,830
19 Norway 9,117
20 Poland 8,712

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach