Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 357,197
2 United Kingdom 105,551
3 China 93,627
4 Japan 72,260
5 Italy 59,348
6 France 56,155
7 Australia 50,398
8 Canada 49,161
9 Netherlands 46,202
10 Germany 38,473
11 Switzerland 31,104
12 Brazil 28,109
13 Spain 25,850
14 Turkey 25,338
15 South Korea 24,719
16 Belgium 17,236
17 Mexico 13,163
18 Taiwan 13,097
19 Sweden 12,413
20 Russia 11,383

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach