Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,606,936
2 United States 2,137,124
3 Japan 917,953
4 India 788,456
5 United Kingdom 604,165
6 Germany 467,490
7 South Korea 407,173
8 France 219,799
9 Switzerland 217,297
10 Brazil 199,652
11 Canada 199,503
12 Italy 193,882
13 Taiwan 183,365
14 Australia 182,783
15 Turkey 174,178
16 Russia 165,380
17 Poland 114,606
18 Spain 113,996
19 Netherlands 108,264
20 Thailand 103,782

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach