Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 773,111
2 United States 227,782
3 India 118,975
4 Turkey 110,842
5 United Kingdom 88,713
6 Brazil 45,185
7 South Korea 41,724
8 Canada 39,979
9 Japan 39,857
10 Australia 36,181
11 Russia 34,462
12 Italy 31,854
13 Mexico 28,128
14 Taiwan 27,627
15 Malaysia 27,447
16 Spain 26,777
17 France 26,243
18 Pakistan 25,539
19 Germany 25,444
20 Saudi Arabia 22,301

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach