Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 563,498
2 United States 173,756
3 India 100,480
4 United Kingdom 67,508
5 Turkey 65,685
6 Canada 39,904
7 Brazil 39,019
8 Taiwan 33,677
9 Japan 30,629
10 Germany 30,467
11 Russia 30,442
12 Australia 27,156
13 Mexico 26,050
14 South Korea 24,336
15 Italy 23,125
16 Thailand 22,492
17 Malaysia 20,110
18 Netherlands 19,840
19 France 19,708
20 Iran 18,269

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach