Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 538,491
2 United States 147,492
3 India 102,693
4 United Kingdom 64,193
5 Turkey 60,767
6 Canada 38,740
7 Brazil 37,611
8 Taiwan 37,090
9 Australia 32,012
10 Germany 31,121
11 Russia 30,884
12 Japan 29,219
13 South Korea 24,458
14 Mexico 23,471
15 Italy 22,556
16 Thailand 22,122
17 Malaysia 20,501
18 France 19,693
19 Netherlands 19,440
20 Spain 16,566

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach