Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,126,413
2 China 653,237
3 United Kingdom 428,862
4 Japan 337,564
5 Germany 211,901
6 Switzerland 206,708
7 Italy 192,229
8 Netherlands 185,610
9 France 164,526
10 Australia 164,011
11 South Korea 154,562
12 Canada 141,878
13 Taiwan 104,304
14 Spain 76,864
15 Turkey 70,169
16 Belgium 63,222
17 Sweden 59,998
18 Brazil 58,938
19 India 42,546
20 Denmark 38,546

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach