Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 10,411,471
2 United Kingdom 4,345,216
3 United States 3,815,524
4 Australia 2,128,090
5 Brazil 1,619,999
6 Netherlands 1,353,288
7 Malaysia 1,131,036
8 Turkey 1,122,371
9 Canada 1,115,940
10 Italy 1,062,657
11 India 959,361
12 Germany 912,230
13 Sweden 824,372
14 Spain 749,670
15 Taiwan 698,584
16 South Korea 639,704
17 Indonesia 613,733
18 France 611,362
19 Thailand 562,375
20 Colombia 544,545

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach