Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 519,021
2 United Kingdom 347,095
3 Australia 219,035
4 China 167,636
5 Germany 140,807
6 Netherlands 109,639
7 Canada 76,375
8 Turkey 53,542
9 Taiwan 52,606
10 Finland 39,827
11 Hong Kong 36,447
12 South Korea 35,107
13 Switzerland 30,984
14 Spain 29,116
15 Sweden 27,838
16 Malaysia 25,579
17 Belgium 25,363
18 Japan 24,674
19 Norway 23,814
20 France 20,745

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach