Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 513,187
2 United Kingdom 324,012
3 Australia 209,256
4 China 145,499
5 Germany 140,175
6 Netherlands 105,960
7 Canada 71,738
8 Taiwan 52,058
9 Turkey 51,407
10 Finland 37,512
11 South Korea 33,164
12 Hong Kong 30,193
13 Spain 26,966
14 Malaysia 25,939
15 Sweden 25,868
16 Switzerland 25,815
17 Japan 24,510
18 Belgium 23,681
19 South Africa 20,194
20 Norway 19,863

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach