Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 779,390
2 China 382,979
3 United Kingdom 271,904
4 Germany 176,313
5 Japan 146,005
6 India 98,678
7 Canada 82,954
8 France 74,595
9 Switzerland 64,999
10 South Korea 60,525
11 Australia 51,522
12 Netherlands 46,527
13 Italy 43,803
14 Spain 42,822
15 Taiwan 33,642
16 Sweden 32,764
17 Brazil 32,097
18 Denmark 31,327
19 Israel 26,074
20 Mexico 23,993

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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