Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 790,126
2 China 341,859
3 United Kingdom 271,678
4 Germany 190,897
5 Japan 143,091
6 India 109,899
7 Canada 83,557
8 France 75,102
9 Switzerland 63,705
10 South Korea 57,226
11 Australia 51,495
12 Netherlands 46,280
13 Spain 41,749
14 Italy 41,694
15 Taiwan 36,006
16 Brazil 34,645
17 Denmark 33,037
18 Sweden 29,832
19 Mexico 26,760
20 Israel 25,530

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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