Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 992,448
2 United Kingdom 921,495
3 China 441,285
4 Australia 401,071
5 Netherlands 302,805
6 Canada 283,280
7 Germany 191,826
8 Sweden 118,167
9 Switzerland 82,902
10 South Africa 82,742
11 France 80,960
12 Japan 75,725
13 New Zealand 75,582
14 Italy 72,614
15 Brazil 70,367
16 India 66,396
17 Norway 65,988
18 Austria 54,953
19 Spain 54,152
20 Denmark 53,044

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach