Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 978,099
2 United Kingdom 832,435
3 Australia 391,268
4 China 378,966
5 Canada 269,385
6 Netherlands 263,588
7 Germany 190,629
8 Sweden 102,528
9 South Africa 89,489
10 New Zealand 73,270
11 Switzerland 73,041
12 France 72,034
13 India 71,341
14 Japan 71,102
15 Brazil 68,711
16 Italy 64,974
17 Norway 60,694
18 Austria 48,761
19 Spain 47,718
20 Denmark 46,721

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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