Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 435,554
2 United States 134,375
3 India 68,012
4 United Kingdom 55,547
5 Germany 47,496
6 Canada 42,340
7 South Korea 38,317
8 Brazil 37,129
9 Australia 22,430
10 Japan 21,606
11 Taiwan 20,485
12 Italy 19,429
13 France 19,122
14 Turkey 18,747
15 Malaysia 18,284
16 Netherlands 18,010
17 Spain 17,074
18 Norway 12,952
19 Thailand 12,458
20 Switzerland 11,816

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach