Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 231,291
2 United States 196,907
3 Brazil 97,375
4 Turkey 92,902
5 Netherlands 78,444
6 France 77,408
7 United Kingdom 74,074
8 Australia 73,737
9 Thailand 70,462
10 India 68,182
11 Germany 67,754
12 Italy 67,449
13 Ireland 64,320
14 Canada 54,710
15 New Zealand 54,706
16 Spain 49,128
17 Russia 46,435
18 Denmark 45,429
19 Japan 44,587
20 South Korea 40,057

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach