Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 557,701
2 United States 162,751
3 United Kingdom 112,742
4 Brazil 79,006
5 India 77,736
6 Malaysia 74,951
7 Turkey 61,002
8 Australia 60,443
9 South Korea 48,937
10 Canada 47,451
11 Thailand 46,710
12 Taiwan 42,043
13 Italy 30,067
14 France 29,746
15 Japan 28,846
16 Spain 28,342
17 Colombia 26,446
18 Iran 24,894
19 Indonesia 23,668
20 Germany 23,385

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach