Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 804,956
2 United States 193,981
3 United Kingdom 132,123
4 India 94,539
5 Brazil 94,006
6 Malaysia 84,940
7 Turkey 75,088
8 Australia 73,458
9 South Korea 67,718
10 Canada 57,933
11 Taiwan 51,722
12 Thailand 42,030
13 Italy 40,368
14 Spain 35,772
15 France 35,723
16 Japan 35,580
17 Colombia 29,819
18 Indonesia 29,534
19 Netherlands 28,972
20 Germany 24,141

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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