Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 85,095
2 United Kingdom 82,887
3 United States 78,723
4 Australia 31,340
5 Netherlands 24,786
6 Germany 24,758
7 Brazil 23,088
8 Turkey 15,700
9 Italy 15,345
10 South Africa 14,880
11 Canada 14,043
12 Spain 13,034
13 France 12,605
14 India 12,358
15 Malaysia 11,666
16 Portugal 11,576
17 Indonesia 11,003
18 South Korea 9,774
19 Japan 8,962
20 Sweden 8,639

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach