Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 974,872
2 United States 575,285
3 Thailand 434,740
4 Brazil 324,125
5 United Kingdom 295,891
6 Malaysia 221,419
7 Turkey 219,028
8 Russia 190,093
9 India 188,992
10 Spain 182,591
11 South Korea 180,136
12 Taiwan 178,597
13 Italy 157,638
14 Australia 138,692
15 Canada 131,274
16 Indonesia 102,055
17 France 101,652
18 Netherlands 95,795
19 Iran 90,209
20 Mexico 88,845

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach