Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,199,522
2 United States 644,600
3 Thailand 412,837
4 United Kingdom 333,419
5 Brazil 316,205
6 Turkey 250,688
7 South Korea 221,644
8 Malaysia 193,339
9 Spain 185,129
10 Italy 178,854
11 Australia 173,053
12 Taiwan 170,846
13 Canada 150,542
14 India 133,287
15 Netherlands 113,682
16 Russia 106,694
17 Indonesia 100,875
18 South Africa 93,253
19 France 92,645
20 Iran 91,293

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach