Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,091,847
2 United States 604,987
3 Thailand 462,693
4 Brazil 341,359
5 United Kingdom 316,092
6 Turkey 241,200
7 Malaysia 228,766
8 South Korea 197,981
9 India 186,759
10 Taiwan 185,798
11 Spain 183,526
12 Russia 179,428
13 Italy 163,002
14 Australia 153,045
15 Canada 142,275
16 Indonesia 106,528
17 France 98,911
18 Netherlands 98,758
19 Iran 98,727
20 Mexico 98,075

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach