Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,199,384
2 United States 637,529
3 Thailand 452,300
4 Brazil 338,162
5 United Kingdom 323,849
6 Turkey 246,610
7 Malaysia 209,049
8 South Korea 207,916
9 Spain 183,576
10 Taiwan 173,443
11 Italy 168,560
12 Australia 165,255
13 India 154,011
14 Canada 148,427
15 Russia 147,946
16 Netherlands 105,149
17 Indonesia 102,924
18 Iran 102,810
19 South Africa 98,228
20 Mexico 95,891

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach