Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 284,600
2 United States 73,805
3 India 38,133
4 United Kingdom 30,454
5 Taiwan 25,172
6 Brazil 21,588
7 Turkey 17,815
8 France 16,961
9 Australia 15,964
10 Japan 15,712
11 Canada 14,296
12 South Korea 12,044
13 Italy 11,802
14 Russia 11,484
15 Iran 11,013
16 Poland 9,446
17 Spain 8,519
18 Germany 8,422
19 Thailand 8,076
20 Netherlands 6,900

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach