Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 254,433
2 United States 69,498
3 India 39,988
4 United Kingdom 29,990
5 Taiwan 24,958
6 Brazil 23,364
7 Russia 18,980
8 Turkey 16,980
9 Australia 15,588
10 Iran 15,229
11 France 14,199
12 Japan 13,820
13 Canada 13,760
14 South Korea 11,574
15 Italy 10,488
16 Germany 9,990
17 Thailand 9,100
18 Poland 9,063
19 Spain 8,389
20 Switzerland 6,759

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach