Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,473,440
2 United States 568,889
3 Japan 281,502
4 South Korea 274,351
5 United Kingdom 223,152
6 India 211,126
7 Germany 182,538
8 France 157,043
9 Turkey 135,714
10 Taiwan 122,626
11 Brazil 110,799
12 Russia 107,275
13 Italy 85,096
14 Spain 79,907
15 Australia 75,501
16 Poland 58,297
17 Canada 57,264
18 Thailand 52,985
19 Malaysia 49,154
20 Netherlands 41,874

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach