Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,141,780
2 United States 537,779
3 Japan 257,323
4 South Korea 243,980
5 United Kingdom 216,923
6 India 214,847
7 Germany 202,767
8 France 147,684
9 Turkey 146,052
10 Brazil 138,509
11 Taiwan 117,619
12 Russia 105,676
13 Italy 80,606
14 Spain 77,219
15 Australia 71,403
16 Thailand 64,803
17 Malaysia 57,510
18 Poland 57,210
19 Canada 55,099
20 Netherlands 43,703

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach