Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 610,562
2 China 301,810
3 United Kingdom 196,341
4 Germany 103,960
5 Japan 91,153
6 France 75,927
7 Australia 68,664
8 Canada 61,342
9 South Korea 54,208
10 Switzerland 48,908
11 Netherlands 47,159
12 Italy 39,349
13 Spain 32,909
14 Taiwan 31,350
15 Brazil 29,897
16 Belgium 21,278
17 Sweden 20,863
18 India 18,376
19 Turkey 17,494
20 Mexico 17,365

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach