Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 667,042
2 China 294,799
3 United Kingdom 206,420
4 Germany 122,941
5 Japan 95,770
6 France 84,261
7 Australia 70,501
8 Canada 63,795
9 South Korea 55,830
10 Switzerland 54,898
11 Netherlands 49,699
12 Italy 41,111
13 Taiwan 37,713
14 Brazil 34,932
15 Spain 33,847
16 Sweden 23,204
17 India 22,240
18 Belgium 21,361
19 Mexico 20,890
20 Turkey 16,501

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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