Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 688,790
2 United States 177,451
3 India 127,035
4 United Kingdom 107,503
5 Turkey 81,756
6 South Korea 64,585
7 Brazil 53,515
8 Taiwan 52,747
9 Australia 49,085
10 Canada 46,798
11 Malaysia 41,383
12 Germany 40,690
13 France 35,980
14 Spain 34,564
15 Greece 32,423
16 Italy 30,154
17 Thailand 28,409
18 Netherlands 28,222
19 Japan 25,309
20 Indonesia 22,891

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach