Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 596,699
2 United States 166,624
3 India 134,076
4 United Kingdom 95,939
5 Turkey 70,764
6 Brazil 55,835
7 South Korea 54,091
8 Taiwan 53,642
9 Canada 45,085
10 Australia 44,254
11 Malaysia 42,527
12 Germany 42,294
13 France 31,351
14 Spain 31,214
15 Thailand 28,771
16 Iran 28,337
17 Greece 26,677
18 Italy 25,004
19 Indonesia 24,975
20 Japan 24,257

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach