Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 262,557
2 United Kingdom 50,021
3 United States 44,959
4 Norway 31,639
5 South Korea 28,836
6 India 25,783
7 Australia 21,144
8 Brazil 17,898
9 Japan 16,051
10 Singapore 15,959
11 Netherlands 14,926
12 Canada 12,533
13 Malaysia 11,716
14 Turkey 11,618
15 France 8,989
16 Italy 8,742
17 Portugal 8,449
18 Germany 7,657
19 Taiwan 7,426
20 Iran 6,787

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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