Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 224,084
2 United Kingdom 46,264
3 United States 41,120
4 Norway 28,984
5 India 26,395
6 South Korea 25,260
7 Australia 19,963
8 Brazil 18,907
9 Singapore 15,701
10 Japan 14,635
11 Netherlands 12,566
12 Malaysia 12,472
13 Canada 11,867
14 Turkey 10,236
15 Iran 8,175
16 France 8,068
17 Germany 7,824
18 Taiwan 7,710
19 Italy 7,643
20 Russia 7,522

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach