Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,017,900
2 United States 503,763
3 United Kingdom 251,637
4 South Korea 107,880
5 India 102,600
6 Australia 102,293
7 France 97,089
8 Canada 95,414
9 Brazil 85,103
10 Netherlands 84,899
11 Germany 73,550
12 Norway 69,201
13 Turkey 65,270
14 Taiwan 64,050
15 Italy 62,215
16 Indonesia 41,717
17 Iran 40,796
18 Malaysia 40,340
19 Japan 37,377
20 Russia 36,699

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach