Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,249,653
2 United States 526,520
3 United Kingdom 269,790
4 South Korea 119,491
5 Australia 111,243
6 Canada 102,545
7 India 102,229
8 Netherlands 95,522
9 France 94,560
10 Brazil 82,490
11 Norway 75,935
12 Turkey 75,175
13 Germany 71,633
14 Italy 71,526
15 Taiwan 61,784
16 Indonesia 46,764
17 Japan 43,186
18 Hong Kong 42,428
19 Malaysia 40,562
20 Sweden 39,465

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach