Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,779,323
2 United States 300,531
3 India 202,146
4 United Kingdom 175,750
5 Turkey 115,999
6 South Korea 109,971
7 Australia 98,332
8 Taiwan 95,514
9 Malaysia 77,105
10 Canada 73,484
11 Brazil 69,524
12 Spain 65,549
13 Germany 49,219
14 Japan 47,581
15 Netherlands 47,335
16 Thailand 43,727
17 Indonesia 43,326
18 Italy 42,400
19 France 40,171
20 Hong Kong 34,960

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach