Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,155,677
2 United States 238,472
3 India 216,391
4 United Kingdom 139,617
5 Taiwan 91,109
6 Turkey 88,466
7 Malaysia 84,229
8 Germany 81,132
9 Australia 75,279
10 South Korea 71,579
11 Brazil 66,565
12 Spain 58,157
13 Canada 54,552
14 Indonesia 54,519
15 Iran 47,606
16 Thailand 41,738
17 Japan 35,206
18 Netherlands 32,462
19 Russia 32,425
20 Italy 32,187

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach