Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 953,961
2 India 213,814
3 United States 207,274
4 United Kingdom 126,666
5 Taiwan 94,050
6 Germany 88,333
7 Malaysia 88,299
8 Turkey 82,241
9 Australia 66,130
10 South Korea 63,676
11 Brazil 62,230
12 Indonesia 53,977
13 Spain 53,940
14 Canada 48,347
15 Iran 42,605
16 Thailand 40,442
17 Russia 35,879
18 France 31,383
19 Japan 30,267
20 Italy 29,038

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach