Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,370,924
2 United States 260,561
3 India 200,567
4 United Kingdom 151,878
5 Turkey 98,797
6 Taiwan 88,344
7 Australia 85,606
8 South Korea 84,281
9 Malaysia 78,591
10 Brazil 68,305
11 Canada 65,455
12 Spain 59,927
13 Germany 51,106
14 Indonesia 44,083
15 Iran 43,880
16 Thailand 42,461
17 Japan 39,798
18 Netherlands 39,418
19 Italy 34,544
20 France 33,861

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach