Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,449,039
2 United States 379,177
3 India 228,113
4 United Kingdom 207,073
5 South Korea 141,753
6 Turkey 140,030
7 Australia 115,082
8 Taiwan 114,240
9 Canada 85,803
10 Brazil 72,888
11 Spain 72,827
12 Malaysia 65,967
13 Japan 59,394
14 Netherlands 59,016
15 Italy 54,422
16 France 49,561
17 Indonesia 47,826
18 Germany 46,371
19 Thailand 45,088
20 Hong Kong 42,884

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach