Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 5,668,343
2 United States 1,538,193
3 India 1,493,054
4 United Kingdom 803,502
5 Brazil 774,204
6 Australia 725,211
7 Turkey 671,959
8 Malaysia 624,411
9 Thailand 414,228
10 South Korea 401,369
11 Canada 344,922
12 France 335,694
13 Taiwan 334,971
14 Japan 275,153
15 Spain 274,539
16 Italy 274,204
17 Colombia 227,025
18 Hong Kong 211,142
19 Iran 199,636
20 Russia 193,550

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach