Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 7,471,321
2 United States 1,742,193
3 India 1,547,072
4 United Kingdom 913,604
5 Brazil 880,953
6 Australia 866,269
7 Turkey 828,667
8 Malaysia 675,485
9 South Korea 535,986
10 Thailand 434,769
11 Canada 399,430
12 France 379,386
13 Taiwan 335,957
14 Italy 316,022
15 Japan 313,391
16 Spain 310,499
17 Hong Kong 248,172
18 Colombia 243,897
19 Iran 196,035
20 Portugal 183,552

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach