Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Germany 56,935
2 United States 20,390
3 Austria 16,466
4 United Kingdom 12,359
5 Switzerland 10,903
6 China 6,398
7 Australia 5,635
8 Canada 4,525
9 France 2,198
10 Netherlands 2,062
11 Spain 1,937
12 Turkey 1,821
13 Colombia 1,505
14 Italy 1,304
15 Brazil 1,156
16 Japan 1,089
17 South Korea 1,082
18 Ireland 1,033
19 New Zealand 999
20 Belgium 992

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach