Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 323,958
2 China 199,581
3 United Kingdom 97,256
4 Japan 77,999
5 Germany 59,683
6 Canada 35,819
7 South Korea 35,576
8 France 34,865
9 Italy 30,513
10 Australia 28,294
11 Switzerland 24,065
12 Netherlands 22,226
13 Taiwan 19,164
14 Spain 16,167
15 Brazil 15,134
16 India 14,315
17 Belgium 13,318
18 Sweden 12,522
19 Turkey 10,621
20 Finland 10,562

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach