Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 336,556
2 China 159,820
3 United Kingdom 97,019
4 Japan 78,641
5 Germany 66,255
6 France 36,931
7 Canada 36,791
8 South Korea 32,871
9 Italy 30,054
10 Australia 27,405
11 Switzerland 22,497
12 Netherlands 20,521
13 Brazil 20,117
14 Taiwan 19,861
15 India 18,368
16 Spain 15,657
17 Russia 14,296
18 Sweden 13,184
19 Belgium 12,041
20 Turkey 11,101

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach