Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 275,041
2 China 117,661
3 United Kingdom 76,604
4 Japan 64,560
5 Germany 54,857
6 France 32,043
7 Canada 30,067
8 South Korea 27,100
9 Australia 22,848
10 Italy 22,620
11 Netherlands 18,930
12 Brazil 18,649
13 Switzerland 18,503
14 Taiwan 17,484
15 India 15,871
16 Sweden 13,231
17 Russia 13,012
18 Spain 12,164
19 Turkey 9,791
20 Belgium 8,648

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach