Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 315,157
2 China 139,235
3 United Kingdom 88,874
4 Japan 74,727
5 Germany 63,790
6 France 35,350
7 Canada 34,555
8 South Korea 30,375
9 Italy 27,508
10 Australia 26,192
11 Switzerland 20,965
12 Brazil 19,808
13 Taiwan 19,166
14 Netherlands 18,401
15 India 17,692
16 Russia 14,565
17 Sweden 14,366
18 Spain 14,209
19 Belgium 10,889
20 Turkey 10,675

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach