Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 331,474
2 China 176,754
3 United Kingdom 97,665
4 Japan 78,814
5 Germany 63,337
6 Canada 36,031
7 France 35,638
8 South Korea 34,214
9 Italy 29,736
10 Australia 27,669
11 Switzerland 23,559
12 Netherlands 21,381
13 Taiwan 19,713
14 Brazil 17,628
15 India 16,065
16 Spain 15,990
17 Sweden 13,069
18 Belgium 12,656
19 Russia 12,023
20 Finland 10,975

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach