Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 544,445
2 United States 254,097
3 South Korea 145,347
4 Brazil 132,677
5 India 121,390
6 Thailand 94,616
7 Taiwan 93,860
8 Japan 74,857
9 Australia 69,346
10 United Kingdom 66,016
11 Turkey 64,506
12 Iran 47,994
13 Italy 47,362
14 Germany 45,738
15 Canada 42,772
16 Malaysia 41,178
17 France 40,717
18 Mexico 39,342
19 Spain 28,815
20 Poland 25,056

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach