Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 457,292
2 United States 236,585
3 India 144,940
4 Brazil 138,221
5 South Korea 137,230
6 Thailand 100,068
7 Taiwan 85,366
8 Japan 72,699
9 Australia 64,122
10 United Kingdom 63,824
11 Turkey 61,472
12 Malaysia 47,381
13 Germany 46,282
14 Iran 45,636
15 Italy 44,237
16 Canada 40,807
17 France 40,533
18 Mexico 38,018
19 Spain 27,678
20 South Africa 24,652

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach