Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 96,404
2 United Kingdom 40,911
3 China 32,225
4 Canada 17,356
5 Germany 16,538
6 Brazil 15,903
7 Australia 15,595
8 Japan 11,999
9 France 8,737
10 Thailand 7,202
11 Mexico 6,686
12 Spain 6,232
13 Italy 6,027
14 India 5,528
15 Colombia 4,563
16 Switzerland 4,333
17 Poland 4,101
18 Taiwan 4,089
19 Argentina 3,766
20 Netherlands 3,682

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach