Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 119,690
2 China 70,468
3 United Kingdom 46,515
4 Germany 32,584
5 Iran 30,881
6 Japan 27,030
7 Turkey 21,290
8 Brazil 19,239
9 Australia 18,996
10 Canada 17,160
11 Italy 16,016
12 South Korea 14,011
13 Spain 13,812
14 Thailand 11,618
15 France 11,282
16 Netherlands 9,855
17 Poland 8,448
18 India 8,435
19 Taiwan 8,336
20 Mexico 8,174

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach