Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 260,277
2 China 175,152
3 United Kingdom 114,526
4 Australia 80,034
5 Italy 71,867
6 Canada 45,687
7 Spain 41,838
8 South Korea 39,967
9 Turkey 37,783
10 Brazil 37,535
11 Japan 36,164
12 Netherlands 33,636
13 Taiwan 22,642
14 Germany 21,612
15 Iran 19,947
16 France 19,237
17 Thailand 17,046
18 Mexico 14,778
19 Indonesia 13,134
20 Denmark 12,972

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.