Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Germany 31,417
2 United States 26,565
3 China 21,710
4 United Kingdom 10,957
5 India 6,180
6 Canada 6,124
7 Australia 5,775
8 Japan 5,668
9 South Korea 4,981
10 Austria 4,887
11 Switzerland 4,786
12 Netherlands 4,454
13 Italy 3,893
14 France 3,397
15 Taiwan 3,255
16 Turkey 2,814
17 Malaysia 2,538
18 Brazil 2,159
19 Spain 2,036
20 Belgium 1,963

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach