Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 33,246
2 Germany 31,789
3 China 26,802
4 United Kingdom 14,929
5 India 9,666
6 South Korea 9,150
7 Australia 7,265
8 Japan 7,012
9 Switzerland 6,097
10 Canada 6,015
11 Netherlands 5,688
12 Austria 5,040
13 Italy 4,795
14 Taiwan 4,681
15 France 4,026
16 Turkey 3,543
17 Spain 2,575
18 Belgium 2,486
19 Brazil 2,144
20 Thailand 2,126

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach