Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Germany 28,136
2 United States 20,058
3 China 19,805
4 United Kingdom 8,885
5 Japan 5,152
6 Canada 5,025
7 Australia 4,811
8 Austria 4,565
9 South Korea 3,977
10 Switzerland 3,955
11 Netherlands 3,684
12 Italy 3,430
13 France 3,335
14 India 2,944
15 Taiwan 2,735
16 Turkey 2,407
17 Malaysia 2,295
18 Brazil 1,837
19 Spain 1,819
20 Belgium 1,738

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach