Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 76,556
2 United Kingdom 65,662
3 United States 37,301
4 Turkey 20,788
5 Malaysia 17,951
6 Australia 15,988
7 Indonesia 14,844
8 Germany 12,211
9 India 10,455
10 Netherlands 10,152
11 South Africa 8,646
12 France 7,912
13 Canada 7,722
14 Russia 7,029
15 Italy 6,784
16 Japan 6,478
17 South Korea 5,777
18 Pakistan 5,613
19 Spain 4,673
20 Brazil 4,471

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach