Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 41,304
2 United States 36,531
3 United Kingdom 13,372
4 South Korea 11,827
5 Germany 11,075
6 Brazil 10,128
7 Canada 9,538
8 Japan 9,423
9 France 8,617
10 Mexico 7,576
11 Spain 5,421
12 Czech Republic 5,393
13 Russia 4,603
14 Italy 4,523
15 Australia 4,368
16 Poland 4,124
17 Turkey 3,962
18 Thailand 3,912
19 India 3,474
20 Switzerland 3,322

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach