Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 217,106
2 Taiwan 171,757
3 China 128,201
4 United Kingdom 58,487
5 Japan 44,921
6 Australia 31,794
7 India 29,847
8 Germany 27,377
9 South Korea 26,103
10 Canada 23,743
11 Thailand 20,735
12 Italy 19,477
13 Brazil 18,725
14 Turkey 17,543
15 France 17,429
16 Switzerland 17,091
17 Spain 15,944
18 Netherlands 15,428
19 Russia 14,169
20 Malaysia 11,708

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach