Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 860,943
2 United Kingdom 731,341
3 United States 471,655
4 Australia 251,226
5 Netherlands 169,027
6 Taiwan 154,767
7 Germany 142,102
8 Indonesia 117,724
9 Canada 92,497
10 India 76,399
11 Malaysia 65,425
12 Hong Kong 65,205
13 South Korea 56,773
14 Italy 55,472
15 France 54,910
16 Japan 44,408
17 New Zealand 41,037
18 Pakistan 39,085
19 Sweden 37,711
20 Brazil 36,232

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach