Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 107,416
2 China 86,803
3 United Kingdom 56,045
4 Australia 25,510
5 Canada 22,753
6 Germany 21,245
7 Netherlands 18,555
8 France 13,312
9 Japan 12,055
10 South Korea 9,713
11 Italy 9,639
12 Switzerland 9,307
13 India 8,894
14 Sweden 8,780
15 Turkey 8,724
16 Spain 7,058
17 Malaysia 6,080
18 Norway 5,735
19 Indonesia 5,417
20 Belgium 5,411

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach