Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 108,059
2 China 81,861
3 United Kingdom 53,305
4 Australia 24,693
5 Canada 23,085
6 Germany 22,552
7 Netherlands 17,243
8 France 12,576
9 Japan 11,167
10 India 10,090
11 South Korea 9,050
12 Italy 8,936
13 Turkey 8,228
14 Sweden 8,076
15 Switzerland 7,685
16 Malaysia 6,882
17 Spain 6,391
18 Norway 5,750
19 South Africa 5,650
20 Indonesia 5,598

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach