Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,116,519
2 United States 801,832
3 South Korea 396,978
4 India 369,051
5 Turkey 340,163
6 Taiwan 308,291
7 United Kingdom 302,414
8 Brazil 290,455
9 Japan 243,771
10 Italy 170,915
11 Australia 156,019
12 Poland 130,513
13 Canada 129,017
14 Spain 127,169
15 Germany 124,555
16 Iran 123,800
17 Thailand 118,569
18 France 110,198
19 Portugal 108,347
20 Malaysia 100,880

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach