Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,464,482
2 United States 792,662
3 South Korea 307,591
4 Turkey 305,112
5 Brazil 304,991
6 India 300,670
7 United Kingdom 279,168
8 Taiwan 264,621
9 Japan 222,120
10 Thailand 169,020
11 Australia 144,533
12 Italy 142,963
13 Germany 138,284
14 Russia 122,499
15 Iran 121,785
16 Malaysia 118,545
17 Poland 118,060
18 Canada 115,140
19 France 111,086
20 Spain 107,603

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach