Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,856,809
2 United States 824,022
3 South Korea 360,926
4 Turkey 333,035
5 India 313,539
6 Brazil 308,427
7 United Kingdom 305,732
8 Taiwan 295,893
9 Japan 234,777
10 Italy 163,497
11 Australia 160,382
12 Thailand 142,100
13 Canada 128,118
14 Poland 127,996
15 Germany 126,102
16 Spain 123,126
17 Iran 123,048
18 Malaysia 116,729
19 France 115,485
20 Portugal 103,303

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach