Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 595,022
2 United States 535,235
3 United Kingdom 231,960
4 Japan 176,876
5 South Korea 123,805
6 Germany 117,561
7 Brazil 113,630
8 India 95,937
9 Italy 72,976
10 Turkey 71,212
11 Switzerland 70,332
12 France 69,462
13 Australia 66,946
14 Taiwan 60,575
15 Thailand 58,154
16 Canada 56,481
17 Netherlands 52,830
18 Denmark 49,624
19 Spain 49,091
20 Russia 45,184

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach