Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 351,928
2 United States 178,072
3 India 65,841
4 South Korea 65,478
5 United Kingdom 50,749
6 Japan 47,261
7 Germany 44,267
8 Taiwan 39,885
9 Turkey 32,847
10 Brazil 22,765
11 France 22,306
12 Australia 22,032
13 Canada 21,518
14 Malaysia 17,626
15 Russia 16,846
16 Italy 15,933
17 Spain 13,762
18 Poland 12,353
19 Mexico 11,788
20 Thailand 10,527

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach