Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 383,649
2 United States 175,760
3 South Korea 69,878
4 India 60,498
5 United Kingdom 52,249
6 Japan 48,031
7 Germany 41,601
8 Taiwan 39,462
9 Turkey 32,145
10 Australia 22,959
11 Canada 22,155
12 France 21,120
13 Brazil 20,837
14 Russia 16,202
15 Italy 15,932
16 Malaysia 14,704
17 Spain 13,308
18 Poland 12,066
19 Hong Kong 10,420
20 Mexico 10,117

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach