Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 441,803
2 United States 175,499
3 South Korea 79,315
4 India 58,810
5 United Kingdom 55,041
6 Japan 49,843
7 Taiwan 41,659
8 Germany 39,312
9 Turkey 34,067
10 Australia 24,213
11 Canada 22,782
12 France 21,751
13 Brazil 19,384
14 Italy 17,787
15 Russia 16,179
16 Spain 14,327
17 Hong Kong 13,532
18 Malaysia 12,998
19 Poland 12,390
20 Netherlands 10,590

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach