Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 325,061
2 United States 173,555
3 India 67,893
4 South Korea 63,861
5 United Kingdom 49,719
6 Japan 46,491
7 Germany 46,205
8 Taiwan 41,261
9 Turkey 33,005
10 France 23,645
11 Brazil 23,335
12 Australia 21,036
13 Canada 20,952
14 Malaysia 20,066
15 Russia 16,904
16 Italy 16,246
17 Spain 14,177
18 Poland 12,279
19 Mexico 11,956
20 Thailand 10,611

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach