Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,064,632
2 United States 695,744
3 India 293,460
4 South Korea 285,490
5 Japan 249,112
6 United Kingdom 233,410
7 Brazil 213,084
8 Turkey 184,300
9 Taiwan 173,466
10 Italy 126,319
11 Canada 121,253
12 Australia 109,978
13 France 106,878
14 Spain 104,055
15 Germany 103,601
16 Thailand 98,305
17 Iran 97,224
18 Poland 81,581
19 Russia 74,115
20 Mexico 71,001

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach