Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,884,977
2 United States 706,577
3 India 333,020
4 South Korea 266,270
5 Japan 247,199
6 United Kingdom 229,341
7 Brazil 217,438
8 Taiwan 170,592
9 Turkey 166,715
10 Germany 120,124
11 Italy 118,612
12 Thailand 118,012
13 Canada 117,473
14 Iran 112,061
15 France 107,524
16 Australia 106,816
17 Spain 98,859
18 Russia 93,342
19 Poland 82,040
20 Mexico 76,751

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach