Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 52,104
2 China 48,402
3 Germany 29,043
4 Japan 25,566
5 United Kingdom 19,437
6 Italy 18,426
7 Russia 10,689
8 India 10,251
9 Switzerland 10,098
10 South Korea 8,941
11 France 8,866
12 Spain 7,894
13 Brazil 7,443
14 Canada 7,050
15 Australia 5,986
16 Mexico 4,695
17 Netherlands 4,296
18 Poland 4,042
19 Taiwan 2,862
20 Czech Republic 2,665

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach