Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 349,233
2 United Kingdom 248,003
3 China 114,445
4 Germany 89,377
5 Australia 70,455
6 Canada 67,673
7 Netherlands 63,875
8 Japan 32,776
9 Italy 32,601
10 Sweden 30,909
11 Switzerland 29,900
12 France 29,692
13 Turkey 25,801
14 Spain 24,738
15 Denmark 24,692
16 South Korea 24,061
17 Belgium 22,976
18 Malaysia 20,432
19 Norway 18,059
20 Indonesia 17,264

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach