Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 324,422
2 United Kingdom 227,079
3 China 99,837
4 Germany 96,056
5 Australia 64,970
6 Canada 62,745
7 Netherlands 58,486
8 Japan 30,346
9 Sweden 27,928
10 France 27,452
11 Italy 27,050
12 Switzerland 24,143
13 Turkey 23,143
14 Denmark 23,082
15 Malaysia 22,837
16 Spain 22,400
17 South Korea 20,585
18 Belgium 19,623
19 Indonesia 17,643
20 Norway 17,086

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach