Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,895,324
2 United States 728,447
3 India 250,568
4 Japan 199,681
5 South Korea 186,247
6 United Kingdom 174,344
7 Germany 153,549
8 France 105,002
9 Canada 78,222
10 Turkey 77,340
11 Taiwan 76,419
12 Australia 75,110
13 Russia 61,937
14 Brazil 57,917
15 Sweden 39,522
16 Italy 39,394
17 Netherlands 38,470
18 Poland 36,064
19 Hong Kong 34,455
20 Switzerland 32,185

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach