Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,458,437
2 United States 562,246
3 India 230,110
4 Germany 182,909
5 Japan 148,444
6 United Kingdom 144,311
7 South Korea 128,420
8 France 105,285
9 Turkey 84,523
10 Brazil 72,976
11 Taiwan 72,131
12 Russia 66,168
13 Canada 65,711
14 Australia 64,873
15 Iran 38,410
16 Italy 37,187
17 Poland 36,483
18 Thailand 30,523
19 Sweden 29,745
20 Malaysia 29,603

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach