Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,812,153
2 United States 648,759
3 South Korea 479,805
4 India 336,744
5 Taiwan 286,091
6 Japan 275,230
7 United Kingdom 252,454
8 Germany 189,243
9 Australia 176,892
10 Turkey 151,342
11 France 115,731
12 Canada 97,186
13 Spain 93,364
14 Italy 87,431
15 Netherlands 79,840
16 Brazil 77,623
17 Mexico 75,435
18 Malaysia 68,756
19 Switzerland 58,205
20 Russia 51,317

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach