Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 10,584,820
2 United States 990,919
3 South Korea 789,469
4 Japan 475,792
5 India 362,221
6 Taiwan 323,612
7 United Kingdom 318,438
8 Brazil 251,100
9 Spain 223,987
10 Australia 206,181
11 Canada 199,264
12 Germany 188,223
13 Turkey 167,817
14 Russia 150,522
15 France 148,758
16 Thailand 147,280
17 Italy 146,536
18 Malaysia 134,326
19 Mexico 126,566
20 Poland 98,471

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach