Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 64,203
2 China 46,511
3 United Kingdom 24,731
4 Germany 22,122
5 Japan 20,282
6 France 18,597
7 Canada 12,361
8 Switzerland 9,611
9 Netherlands 9,131
10 India 8,242
11 South Korea 7,554
12 Brazil 6,322
13 Russia 5,185
14 Italy 5,170
15 Poland 4,803
16 Israel 4,566
17 Australia 4,318
18 Sweden 3,885
19 Czech Republic 3,333
20 Spain 3,161

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach