Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 65,670
2 China 44,804
3 Germany 24,658
4 United Kingdom 24,473
5 Japan 20,828
6 France 19,358
7 Canada 12,760
8 Switzerland 9,080
9 India 8,920
10 Netherlands 7,703
11 South Korea 7,156
12 Brazil 6,706
13 Russia 5,604
14 Italy 4,989
15 Poland 4,942
16 Australia 4,281
17 Israel 4,107
18 Sweden 3,301
19 Spain 3,228
20 Czech Republic 2,975

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach