Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 641,615
2 United States 254,762
3 Japan 212,730
4 United Kingdom 94,788
5 South Korea 88,877
6 India 75,944
7 Germany 70,925
8 Taiwan 70,775
9 Russia 62,272
10 France 43,427
11 Brazil 42,708
12 Australia 38,577
13 Italy 36,099
14 Turkey 30,098
15 Canada 29,656
16 Poland 28,921
17 Thailand 21,506
18 Switzerland 20,257
19 Czech Republic 20,108
20 Malaysia 18,363

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach